Recommended Online Resources

From LLL in VA/WV References

Links to some of our favorite sources of information on specific breastfeeding topics.

Alcohol

MommyMeds Milk Alcohol Calculator: A tool that tells you how long it will take for alcohol to be cleared from your milk after drinking, based on your body weight and the number of drinks you had.

Dump this breast-feeding myth by Dr. Phil Boucher, MD at ReassuranceProvided.com. This article has a great explanation of why you don't need to pump and dump after drinking alcohol.

Birth Procedures

Evidence for the Vitamin K Shot in Newborns at the Evidence-Based Birth blog.

Block Feeding

Bottlefeeding a Breastfed Baby

Caffeine

Criticism

D-MER

Dysphoric Milk Ejection Reflex (D-MER) is a condition in which a nursing mother experiences negative emotions—such as sadness, anxiety, anger, or restlessness—just before and for a little while after letdown occurs.

Engorgement

Feeding Frequency


How frequently you need to breastfeed in order to maintain a good milk supply depends on a number of factors that are specific to you and your baby. One mom might breastfeed 6 times a day and have a full milk supply while another mom needs to breastfeed 10 times a day to produce enough. These articles talk about why that is:

Foremilk/Hindmilk

Galactagogues

Getting a Good Start

Green Poop

Hand Expression

Jaundice

Latch and Positioning

  • Doing It Right by Diane Wiessinger, IBCLC (spoiler: there is no one "right" way to position your baby for breastfeeding—what matters is that it's comfortable for you and your baby is getting milk)

Semi-reclined breastfeeding

Breastfeeding in a semi-reclined position can help baby get a better latch, and is especially good for moms with forceful letdowns. It's also called "laid-back breastfeeding", "Biological Nurturing", or "Natural Breastfeeding":

  • Position to Breastfeed by Nancy Mohrbacher, IBCLC in LLLI's Breastfeeding Today - includes demonstration videos

Laws about Breastfeeding

United States

  • Breastfeeding Law - Website run by Jake Marcus, a lawyer who specializes in gender and sexual orientation issues. Covers US federal and state laws regarding public breastfeeding, workplace pumping, and enforcement provisions.

Australia

Canada

United Kingdom

High Lipase in Expressed Milk

Mastitis

Medications and Breastfeeding

InfantRisk

If you're in the US, a great resource for questions about medication while breastfeeding is the InfantRisk Center at Texas Tech University.

InfantRisk Center
(806) 352-2519
Monday–Friday
8:00 am–5:00 pm Central Time

InfantRisk was established by Dr. Thomas Hale, a pharmacologist who is the leading expert in the use of medications during lactation. The counselors there will consider the drug you've been prescribed, the dosage, how old your baby is, what his or her nursing pattern is like, and give you information that's specific to your situation.

They can also provide information about non-prescription drugs, herbal products, vaccines, chemicals, and other substances.

Other Medication Resources

  • MommyMeds is a website and mobile app that provides up-to-date, evidence-based information on the use of medications during pregnancy and breastfeeding. It's sponsored by the InfantRisk Center, and provides the same information as the InfantRisk website, but in less technical language.
  • LactMed is a free, searchable database of medications maintained by the US National Library of Medicine. It includes information such as the level of a medication in breast milk, the level of the medication in the baby's system after breastfeeding, and potential effects on milk production.

Over-the-Counter Medicines

Milk Storage

Milk Supply

How often do you need to nurse?

How frequently you need to breastfeed in order to maintain a good milk supply depends on a number of factors that are specific to you and your baby. One mom might breastfeed 6 times a day and have a full milk supply while another mom needs to breastfeed 10 times a day to produce enough. These articles talk about why that is:

Not enough milk

Too much milk

Night Nursing

Nipple Pain

Nipple Shields

Nursing Strikes

Oversupply/Forceful Letdown

Plugged Ducts

Pumping/Expressing

Do you need a pump?

Choosing a Pump

  • Choosing a Breastpump by Robyn Roche-Paull, IBCLC at Breastfeeding in Combat Boots. Note: While this post has some information that only applies to moms in the military, most of it is useful to anyone who is looking for a pump.

Increasing Pumping Output

Hand Expression

Reflux/GERD

Sleep

The following articles are from the Infant Sleep Information Source (ISIS) website, by the Durham University Parent-Infant Sleep Lab:

Tongue- and Lip-Tie

Dr. Bobby Ghaheri is an ENT surgeon whose blog is an excellent source of information about tongue- and lip-tie. Some articles we often refer to in the Mother-to-Mother Forums are:

Vitamin D

Weaning

Working and Breastfeeding